Moringa oleifera’s many health and medicinal properties are the reason why it’s growing very popular. In fact, the plant is widely referred to as a ‘miracle tree’ because of its incredible health benefits.
Moringa is known to treat a range of diseases, including chronic diseases. The tree’s leaves and seeds are rich in nutrients, minerals, and compounds that improve patients’ condition. Type 2 diabetes is one of the chronic health conditions that moringa oleifera can treat. In fact, there are many people using moringa to cure diabetes as herbal therapy.
Like in most chronic diseases, moringa and diabetes have been studied and researched widely. One consistent finding is that moringa helps to reduce the symptoms of diabetes. Now the question is, what are the effects of moringa on patients with type 2 diabetes?
Studies have shown that moringa oleifera has many effects on patients. We have rounded up 6 effects and how they treat patients with type 2 diabetes.
1. Improving Glucose Tolerance
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition where the body fails to produce insulin or is resistant to insulin. The condition results in too much sugar circulating in the bloodstream. This condition leads to serious health complications. The patient might start having circulation disorders or nervous and immune problems. Moringa has been found to help improve glucose tolerance in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Glucose tolerance is the ability to dispose of glucose in the bloodstream. If the body can dispose of glucose fast, it would reduce the symptoms of type 2 diabetes. Moringa has bioactive compounds such as isothiocyanates that helps the body to dispose of glucose in the bloodstream. With reduce reduced blood sugar, the body will go back to functioning normally.
Other bioactive like phytonutrients, quercetin, chlorogenic acid, and moringinine also improves glucose tolerance. The three compounds are also potent antioxidants that also help in keeping the blood healthy.
2. Reducing Pancreatic Beta Cells Cytotoxicity
It is largely believed that damage pancreatic beta cells could be the reason for reduced insulin production. Pancreatic beta cells are the cells that produce insulin. If they are infected or damaged, they may stop or produce very little insulin, not enough to digest blood sugar.
Oxygen-free radicals are said to be responsible for the pancreatic beta-cells cytoxicity. The cells become toxic, and they may start dying or stop producing insulin. That’s when the patient starts developing diabetic complications.
Many studies have shown that moringa has anti-oxidative effects on people who take it. This effective can help reverse the damages done by oxygen done by oxygen-free radicals on pancreatic beta cells. After taking moringa for some time, the production of insulin will start improving. That’s how type 2 diabetes symptoms are treated.
3. Hypoglycaemic Effects
Studies have shown that moringa oleifera has hypoglycaemic effects on type 2 diabetes patients. Hypoglycaemic is a condition where the blood sugar levels fall below normal. If the blood sugar is very high and the moringa leaves powder creates this effect, the glucose level will start going down.
Terpenoids are the compounds that have been hypoglycaemic effects is the terpenoids. They are bioactive compounds that work by decreases glucose uptake in the intestine. That means less blood sugar will be absorbed into the blood. That’s how patients reduce diabetic symptoms if the blood sugar is maintained at low but healthy levels.
Moringa oleifera is also rich in fibre content. When a type 2 diabetes patient takes moringa leaves powder, the high fibre content fills the stomach. This helps to lower gastric emptying time as digestion is slowed down. This reduces the amount of glucose that’s being absorbed into the blood. That’s how moringa causes a hypoglycaemic effect to treat type 2 diabetes symptoms.
4. Decreasing Glycaemic Response
The glycaemic response is the effect that food has on the sugar levels immediately after eating. If you take food that’s high in starch, it will automatically increase your blood sugar levels. That’s why it is a factor that escalates type 2 diabetes symptoms.
If the glycaemic response can be decreased to the lowest rate possible, the amount of sugar in the bloodstream will also be reduced. That’s what moringa do to type 2 diabetes patients. Moringa has three critical bioactive phytochemicals, quercetin, chlorogenic acid, and moringinine.
The three compounds cause a decreasing glycaemic effect in type 2 diabetes patients. With a low conversion of starch and glycogen, the amount of blood sugar is reduced. That’s how the symptoms of diabetes are treated.
5. Improved Insulin Signalling
Insulin signalling is a hormone-controlled process where the pancreas is triggered to produce insulin by raising blood sugar levels. That’s how blood sugar is regulated. For the type 2 diabetes patient, the problem could be insulin signalling. Maybe the hormones that trigger pancreatic beta cells to produce insulin is not working.
Moringa’s bioactive compounds such as flavonoids and isothiocyanates can improve insulin signalling. When you take moringa leaves powder, these compounds trigger the production of hormones that triggers insulin production. With more insulin being released by the pancreatic better cell, the more glucose is digested. That’s how patients reduce the symptoms of type 2 diabetes.
6. Inhibit Alpha-Amylase Activities
Another effect of moringa oleifera on patients with type 2 diabetes is inhibiting pancreatic α-amylase. Alpha-amylase is an enzyme that acts as a catalyst in breaking down starch and glycogen to glucose. If this enzyme’s activities can be slowed, the amount of starch and glycogen are broken down will be very little to cause an increase blood sugar.
Moringa leaves are rich in phenolic compounds such as tannins and flavonoids. These compounds inhibit pancreatic alpha-amylase activities. This will result in a decrease in the amount of glucose being absorbed into the blood. When you take the recommended amount of moringa leaves powder, that’s how the symptoms of type 2 diabetes are treated.
Moringa oleifera is a powerful treatment for type 2 diabetes and many other chronic disease symptoms. The plant leaves and seeds have powerful bioactive phytochemical compounds that can treat chronic diseases, including type 2 diabetes. However, speak with your doctor before starting taking moringa for treating diabetes.